Use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european

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Plans for the construction of the Spring Temple Buddha were announced soon after the blowing up of the Bamiyan Buddhas and China condemned the systematic destruction of the Buddhist heritage of Afghanistan.It is believed that the monumental Buddha sculptures were carved into the cliffs of Bamiyan between the 3rd to 6th centuries AD, while the cave complex in the east, including the 38 meter Buddha, a stupa was built in the 3rd or 4th centuries AD The 55 meter Buddha is believed to date from the 5th and 6th centuries AD.Measuring 55 and 37 meters high, they were considered as the largest standing Buddha carvings in the world.

Analyses showed the presence of drying oil in 12 caves.Historic documentation refers to celebrations held every year attracting numerous pilgrims and that offers were made to the monumental statues (They were perhaps the most famous cultural landmarks of the region, and the site was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site along with the surrounding cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley.and described Bamiyan in the Da Tang Xiyu Ji as a flourishing Buddhist center "with more than ten monasteries and more than a thousand monks".The pose is known to Buddhists as the scene where the Buddha passed into nirvana.They discovered that the paintings contained pigments such as vermilion (red mercury sulfide) and lead white (lead carbonate).

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